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Understanding the GRID Rules - Social Security Disability

Disability

What are the GRID Rules of Social Security?

The social security office has recently brought about the GRID rules. These rules apply in the following circumstances:

  • The applicant’s illness or condition is not listed by the social security department
  • The impairment is extremely severe
  • The applicant is not working substantial gainful activity
  • The illness prevents the applicant from working any previous jobs

In these cases, the social security department will first decide on what level of exertion you can perform in a work environment. The categories are divided from the least level of exertion to most:

  • Sedentary
  • Light
  • Medium
  • Heavy
  • Very heavy

Once the social security office has concluded on your level of exertion, they will then correlate it with the GRID chart with your age, education, level, and past work. From this, they will make their decision about whether you can legally be considered disabled.

Your physical abilities are not the only factor in determining your disability. Generally, the older and less educated you are, the more likely you will be found disabled. The social security office does have specific ages and categories in which they place you according to your age.

  • 18-49 years of age is considered to be a “younger individual”
  • 50-54 years of age is “approaching advanced age”
  • 55 and older is “advanced age”

Below you will find a copy of the GRID the social security office will use when determining your case. How it works:

  • Find which category you fall under listed above by your age
  • Next, consider your education - are you “limited or less” by not completed 12 years of schooling, “high school graduate” or “high school graduate and more”?
  • Then, determine whether your previous work experience was skilled, unskilled, transferrable, or not transferable
    • (Specifically, if you have a special skill needed to perform your job and if the experience be carried to a new job)

Understanding GRID rules can be overwhelming and confusing. If you still have questions concerning social security benefits or how to read the GRID rules, please call our office today for a free consultation!

GRIDs for Sedentary Work

Rule

Age

Education

Previous Work Experience

Decision

201.01

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Unskilled or none

Disabled

201.02

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Disabled

201.03

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.04

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Disabled

201.05

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.06

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Disabled

201.07

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.08

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.09

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Unskilled or none

Disabled

201.10

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Disabled

201.11

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.12

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Disabled

201.13

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.14

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills

not transferable

Disabled

201.15

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.16

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.17

Younger individual age 45-49

Illiterate or unable to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Disabled

201.18

Younger individual age 45-49

Limited or less-at least literate and able to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.19

Younger individual age 45-49

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.20

Younger individual age 45-49

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.21

Younger individual age 45-49

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.22

Younger individual age 45-49

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.23

Younger individual age 18-44

Illiterate or unable to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.24

Younger individual age 18-44

Limited or less-at least literate and able to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.25

Younger individual age 18-44

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.26

Younger individual age 18-44

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

201.27

Younger individual age 18-44

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

201.28

Younger individual age 18-44

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

201.29

Younger individual age 18-44

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

GRIDs for Light Work

Rule

Age

Education

Previous Work Experience

Decision

202.01

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Unskilled or none

Disabled

202.02

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Disabled

202.03

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

202.04

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Disabled

202.05

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.06

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Disabled

202.07

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

202.08

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

202.09

Closely approaching advanced age

Illiterate or unable to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Disabled

202.10

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less-at least literate and able to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.11

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

202.12

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

202.13

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.14

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

202.15

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

202.16

Younger individual

Illiterate or unable to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.17

Younger individual

Limited or less-at least literate and able to communicate in English

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.18

Younger individual

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

202.19

Younger individual

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

202.20

Younger individual

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

202.21

Younger individual

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

202.22

Younger individual

High school graduate or more

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

GRIDs for Medium Work

Rule

Age

Education

Previous Work Experience

Decision

203.01

Closely approaching retirement age

Marginal or none

Unskilled or none

Disabled

203.02

Closely approaching retirement age

Limited or less

None

Disabled

203.03

Closely approaching retirement age

Limited

Unskilled

Not disabled

203.04

Closely approaching retirement age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.05

Closely approaching retirement age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.06

Closely approaching retirement age

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.07

Closely approaching retirement age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.08

Closely approaching retirement age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.09

Closely approaching retirement age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.10

Advanced Age

Limited or less

None

Disabled

203.11

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Unskilled

Not disabled

203.12

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.13

Advanced Age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.14

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.15

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.16

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.17

Advanced Age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.18

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.19

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.20

Closely approaching advanced age

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.21

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.22

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.23

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.24

Closely approaching advanced age

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.25

Younger individual

Limited or less

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.26

Younger individual

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.27

Younger individual

Limited or less

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.28

Younger individual

High school graduate or more

Unskilled or none

Not disabled

203.29

Younger individual

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

203.30

Younger individual

High school graduate or more-does not provide for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills transferable

Not disabled

203.31

Younger individual

High school graduate or more-provides for direct entry into skilled work

Skilled or semiskilled-skills not transferable

Not disabled

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